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About Keratosis

Hyperkeratinization on skin is the main cause of keratosis. Keratin is the main component of human hair and fingernail and toenails. Excessive amounts of this could be bad for the skin. Keratoses vary by nature and attributes.

Actinic Keratosis
AK’s are caused by too much exposure to the sun’s UV radiation and are associated with old age, thus it is sometimes called solar keratosis or senile keratosis. Squamous cell carcinoma can be developed from lesions brought about by actinic keratosis. The main attributes of actinic keratosis is its thick, crusty and scaly bumps appearing on the parts of the body exposed mostly to the sun. One must be concerned if he or she has this, for it can progress into a skin cancer later.

Actinic Keratosis Treatments
There are many treatments for skin that have actinic keratosis. It could be surgical or non surgical. Surgical treatments include cryotherapy (use of liquid nitrogen in freezing off), electrocautery (uses electricity in burning off) and laser (Er-YAG lasers). These kinds of surgery are recommended for severe cases. There are also non surgical treatments, you only need to apply some sort of cream to remove keratosis.

Aldara and Beselna are known imiquimod creams. It’s under the immune response modifier classification of drugs. However, the cream requires a prescription, and also the commitment and endurance on the part of the patient. The skin can look unsightly during treatments and major discomforts could be experienced. But after all the things you need to endure, you’ll be satisfied with the result.

Efudex is a form of 5-fluorouracil, an anti cancer drug. The drug is a topical cream also employed for chemotherapy. Application of the cream with fingers is proposed instead of metal applicators. Side effects include inflammation, itchiness, and pain on the area where the cream is applied. In few chances, discoloration of the skin and scars can occur. It could be noted that these things are only experienced while being treated. Prior to the use of the drug, you must let your doctor know if you are taking any forms of medicine. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding must not use Efudex. Precautions in using Efudex also include avoidance of sun exposure, and use of sunscreen with SPF 15 and above.
Before engaging in any treatments, be sure you have consulted a doctor or a dermatologist.

Seborrheic Keratosis
Seborrheic keratosis resembles actinic keratosis, but in this case, it could be waxy or greasy. It is a noncancerous benign skin growth, so it poses no other potential dangers. This kind of keratosis originates from keratinocytes and also involves the uppermost layers of the epidermis. One can chuckle at the notion that it resembles barnacles. The main reason it occurs is still unidentified.

Seborrheic Keratosis Treatments
Treatments for seborrheic keratosis include cryosurgery and electrocautery. Electodessication and curettage is used for instances that are big enough.. Surgical excision employs a scalpel in removing the affected areas.

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