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Skin Pigmentation | What Types Of Pigmentation Are There

Types of Skin Pigmentation

Our skin normally pigments under the influence of melanin, a substance which protects the skin cells for UV radiation. One’s skin complexion is controlled by melanin production. When melanin is not produced in a constant moderate amount, the skin can become discolored.

There are many types of skin pigmentation according to their cause and characteristics. The most common types of skin pigmentation are mentioned below.

•    Ephelides/Freckles

These are common to people who have fair skin. blemishes are commonly inherited. Having some of them can be cute, but they can be unattractive when they are too many.

•    Solar Lentigines

This type of pigmentation is popularly known as liver spots or age spots. Damaged melanocytes which are not disposed of properly can cause discoloration.  Age spots commonly appear on sun exposed areas. They resemble freckles but their causes are different.

•    Melasma

Men are less affected by melasma than women. This could be due to hormones, because women who are taking oral contraceptives are more prone to having them. Melasma appears like brown patches on the face or any part of the body. Two forms of melasma are the epidermal and dermal. In the case of epidermal melasma, it is only mild because it only affects the epidermis. Dermal melasma is skin deep so it could be difficult to cure.

•    Chloasma

Pregnant women are more likely to have chloasma. Sun exposure can aggravate this situation. This also shows on the stomach area.

The abovementioned pigmentation troubles are caused by too much pigmentation. The following conditions are results of hypopigmentation. And to make it simple these conditions are cause by lack of melanin on skin.

•    Skin Damage

The skin may also lose pigment due to wounds.

•    Albinism

This condition is the lack of melanin on skin.   This causes some albino people to have very light skin, hair and eye color. People who have albinism have a gene which restricts melanin production. Albinos are very vulnerable to skin cancer.

•    Vitiligo

The common symptoms of vitiligo are smooth white patches on skin. When pigment producing cells are damaged, vitiligo can affect an individual.   Since there is no cure for it yet, all a patient can do is to hide it with make up.

One should consult a dermatologist first before treating these skin problems. Self treatment can be more dangerous.

Skin Pigmentation | What Types Of Pigmentation Are There
Types of Skin Pigmentation
Our skin normally pigments under the influence of melanin, a substance which protects the skin cells for UV radiation. One’s skin complexion is controlled by melanin production. When melanin is not produced in a constant moderate amount, the skin can become discolored.
There are many types of skin pigmentation according to their cause and characteristics. The most common types of skin pigmentation are mentioned below.
•    Ephelides/Freckles
These are common to people who have fair skin. blemishes are commonly inherited. Having some of them can be cute, but they can be unattractive when they are too many.
•    Solar Lentigines
This type of pigmentation is popularly known as liver spots or age spots. Damaged melanocytes which are not disposed of properly can cause discoloration.  Age spots commonly appear on sun exposed areas. They resemble freckles but their causes are different.
•    Melasma
Men are less affected by melasma than women. This could be due to hormones, because women who are taking oral contraceptives are more prone to having them. Melasma appears like brown patches on the face or any part of the body. Two forms of melasma are the epidermal and dermal. In the case of epidermal melasma, it is only mild because it only affects the epidermis. Dermal melasma is skin deep so it could be difficult to cure.
•    Chloasma
Pregnant women are more likely to have chloasma. Sun exposure can aggravate this situation. This also shows on the stomach area.
The abovementioned pigmentation troubles are caused by too much pigmentation. The following conditions are results of hypopigmentation. And to make it simple these conditions are cause by lack of melanin on skin.
•    Skin Damage
The skin may also lose pigment due to wounds.
•    Albinism
This condition is the lack of melanin on skin.   This causes some albino people to have very light skin, hair and eye color. People who have albinism have a gene which restricts melanin production. Albinos are very vulnerable to skin cancer.
•    Vitiligo
The common symptoms of vitiligo are smooth white patches on skin. When pigment producing cells are damaged, vitiligo can affect an individual.   Since there is no cure for it yet, all a patient can do is to hide it with make up.
One should consult a dermatologist first before treating these skin problems. Self treatment can be more dangerous.

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7 Responses to “Skin Pigmentation | What Types Of Pigmentation Are There”

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